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Episode 20: Pronouncing Tricky Consonants!

학생들 안녕하세요! 잘 공부했어용?

We've reached yet another milestone!!! Our 20th episode learning together!! I'm so excited even though it's almost midnight and I'm falling asleep :3

Useful Info:

I divide consonants into 3 groups in my mind for convenience- the double consonants, the 'regular' consonants, and the 'soft' consonants.

Soft consonants- ㅋ (k), ㅍ (p), ㅌ (t), ㅊ (ch)

I call them soft because they will only have a this soft/airy pronunciation and will always sound the same in every single word.

크리스마스 [keu ri seu ma seu] christmas

케이크 [ke i keu] cake

커피 [keo pi] coffee

컴퓨터 [keom pyu teo] computer

택시 [taek shi] taxi

파티 [pa ti] party

파란색 [pa ran saek] blue color

차 [cha] car

책 [chaek] book

자동차 [cha dong cha] automobile

치킨 [chi kin] chicken

치마 [chi ma]

Regular consonants: ㄱ (g/k), ㄷ (d/t), ㅂ (b/p), ㅈ (j/ch), ㅅ (s/sh)

I call these guys regular because I see them the most when I'm reading Korean so to me they are very common. Their pronunciation, however, is not so regular. Each consonant has a 'strong' and a 'soft' pronunciation and it depends on where the consonant is in the word. If the consonant is at the beginning, it will have a softer pronunciation and if it is in the middle or last syllable, the pronunciation will get stronger.

고구마 [ko gu ma] sweet potato

괴물 [ke mul] monster

한국 [han guk] Korea

한글 [han geul] Korean alphabet

기린 [ki rin] giraffe

고기 [ko gi] meat

그리고 [keu ri go] and

가구 [ka gu] furniture

아기 [a gi] baby

개미 [ke mi] ant

도마 [to ma] cutting board

다 [ta] everything

모두[mo du] everyone

세대 [se de] generation

베개 [pe ge] pillow

바보 [pa bo] dummy

비 [pi] rain

버스 [po seu] bus

노래방 [no re bang] karaoke

새벽 [se byeok] dawn

수박 [su bak] watermelon

발가락 [pal ga rak] toe

아버지 [a bo ji] middle aged man

신발 [shin bal] shoe

남자 [nam ja] man

고짓말 [ko ji mal] lie

강아지 [kang a ja] puppy

지금[chi geum] now

집 [chip] house

Double consonants: ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅉ, ㅆ

Gahh these guys still get on my nerves even now. My pronunciation is nowhere near perfect when it comes to double consonants. It's a hard concept to get used to but you guys should be fine with time and patience :) What I try to think about when pronouncing these is starting to say the letter and then stopping for a brief moment, building up the pressure behind my teeth and then letting it all out. This way the sound ends up being a little more emphasised... I hope ^^'

기쁘다 [ki ppeu da] to be happy

바쁘다 [pa ppeu da] to be busy

오빠 [o ppa] older brother

아빠 [a ppa] daddy

빨리 [ppal li] quick

빵 [ppang] bread

뜨겁게 [tteu gop ke] hot

어떤 [o tton] which

어떻게 [o tteo ke] what to do?

시끄러워요 [shi kkeu reo uo yo] be quite

꼬리 [kko ri] tail

일찍 [il chik] early

진짜 [chin jja] really

짜다 [cha da] salty

짧다 [chal da] short

You are probably wondering why didn't I mention ㅅ at all in the video. Well, first of all, even though I put it in the "regular" category, I consider it a soft consonant because the "s" sound is very airy compared to, for example, "z" sound, which Korean just doesn't have. Secondly, I will be making an episode about consonants in the 받침, or the end of the syllable, where I'll discuss pronunciation of 'ㅅ' and 'ㅆ' in depth! So please anticipate :D

Much love,


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